Affluent families have greater availability of sources to their children, such as health and wellness, education, and social behavior development compared to low-income families' offspring’s. Poverty runs in families and is transferred from one generation to the next generation holding the difficulties. The availability of resources to the low-income families and their children and availability of health treatment of high quality, access to high-quality education is significant cost-effective to eradicate the worse effect of poverty on progressive child development and crack the cycle of deprivation. Non-academic effects and academic effects due to poverty are considerable and need to eradicate to develop a productive society. Cognitive effects help the student to learn and develop their skills by utilizing the educational opportunities. These educational opportunities are provided by primary and secondary educational institutions and schools of the state. In contrast, non-cognitive outcomes are being studied as the development of social behavior and self-regulation. Non-cognitive effects have a more significant impact on a child concerning the cognitive impact.
They enhance educational activities but also mental health, physical, social integration, and positive work attitude.
The Impact of Financial Hardship on Single Parents
A family with only one parent (mother or father) at a greater risk of financial hardship and dramatically impacts psychological and social well-being. Single parent families describe that they face the scarcity of fuel food, and they sacrifice their lives to earn to meet their children's fundamental needs. They lessen their nutritional condition and go for bill payments. Depression, Isolation anxiety, suicidal thoughts, and paranoid were studied in one-parent families. There is not sufficient availability of psychological therapies to single-parent families.
In the United States, there is one child out of four have working single parent. These families are called lone-parent families. According to a survey in 2012, it found that 2.9 million single-parent families exist. And this number represents an increase of 18.6% of single-parent families since 1996. Women as single parents account for 86% of children, and their average age is 38 years. Single-parent families have come into existence due to various circumstances such as separation, death of a male or a female partner, unplanned pregnancy, or donor insemination. This family lives in the security of sources and has a tremendous psychological effect on children's mental health and cannot prove the feasibility of better health, nutritional needs, and access to high-quality education.
Access to Education Facilities and Poverty
Access to the education facilities and poverty are interconnected with each other in many ways. In some cases, the deprivation of a family house in which children are grown up causes children to attain low-quality educational facilities. In turn, the children who grow in low education levels cannot get highly paid jobs. Due to a low level of education, their poverty is transferred to the next generation, continuing until the chain of poverty is broken.
It could be stated that equating educational opportunities is insufficient to overcome social stratification as the richer will access to more opportunities for their children. In this case, the education system should be restructured to cease this imbalance in education and inequalities among the rich and poor children.
Potential Risks to poor children Due to Poverty
It is a considerable and well-known fact that wealthy children are learned in a better school system. In contrast, the children of low-income families have not yet received the government official's and policymakers' attention; due to this, this gap between rich and poor increases.
The difficulties that poor children face compared to the affluent families' children are immense. Children of low-income families are likely to have a teenage mother. Children whose parents are less educated have more emotional, social problems, psychological and health issues. As their parents are much lower, they have fewer chances to carry their education in high-quality educational institutions and various other opportunities such as tutors, extra lessons, art and music, and elite sports teams that are better educated and wealthier parents spend money on their children. Medical treatment is not offered to Poor children due to their parents' low income and health issues like tooth pain and mental health issues. These issues are the main obstacles in the learning behavior of the child.
Children having a low nutritional diet have a lower capability to learn educational content. Many schools provided the children with a nutritious diet to accommodate the learning of poor students. Poor children often get lower marks and higher dropout rates due to financial and other psychological issues. Few poor children get access to basic primary education and lack necessary skills such as counting skills and word recognition.
There are vast numbers of children between the ages of five to twelve who cannot write and read.
Children who belong to low-income families readily change their localities to find shelter, food, and workplace resources. In this way, children of such families were unable to stable themselves in a single education system, and sometimes they were distracted from education.
The children of low-income families have chances to learn from novice teachers. Due to this they can show low grades in their studies and spoil their future.
Highly economical schools where rich people can play and learn more efficiently are separated from the lower level school handling the poor learners, not considered by the social and economic activists for development.
Education Sources for Rich and Poor Students
There are significant inequalities in American children's lives, including disparities in the education that these children receive. These inequalities are teacher qualification, class size, and other resources such labs, books, computers, libraries, sports, and the physical appearance of the school and student care included.
Somehow all schools that entertain poor children are bad ones and not all the schools that engage rich children are well and good in educational status and many others perspective.
Texas versus New York State’s Educational Funds
Poor children are often admitted to crowded schools and poorly managed and less equipped with educational facilities such as computers, labs, books, sports, etc. For instance, the wealthiest district in New York spent almost 25000$ per pupil while the poorest district, named Texas, paid $1200 only per pupil. Poor children studying in low-funded schools have fewer chances to pass their high school than middle-class children in well funded and well-equipped school. They are less likely to attend college for higher studies.
High-quality education was historically recognized as an excellent equity manager in American states societies. These societies are capable of lifting backward children and enabling them to be
successful in the future. But recent studies suggest that the gap between rich and poor and the availability of sources to rich and poor is varying over time.
After analyzing the research data, it is found that the gap between back and white is reduced. At the same time, the gap regarding the availability of sources has been increased substantially historically.
Ethics, poverty and children’s vulnerability
Poor children are more vulnerable to the poverty of their parents. Some children do not inherit it, but it is a social aspect. Poor children are affected by poverty in many ways sidelining the availability of money. Despite that, there are multi deprivations in many fields of children's life. It is not essential that deprivation is measured by using sound, capabilities, rights, or needs. The research studies show that poverty influences children in broad ranges, including clothes, food, sanitation, and housing. These derivations can often be presented into psychological, physical, social, and behavioral harm such as depression, lower health status, and delinquency.
Moreover, the situational vulnerability of poor children merely does not affect all the children. It affects only those who are poor. But it does not affect all children; some children may utilize their special thinking powers and can revoke poverty impacts in their lives. Poor children's situational vulnerability is further diminished or enhanced by many other factors that inherent or situational vulnerabilities could understand if they are recognized as vulnerability enhancers. On the other aspects there are many examples of vulnerability-enhancers such as natural health or disability issues inherent in vulnerability or racial unfairness.
Hunger and Educational Learning
Millions of children are not getting adequate education due to discrimination and poverty. A highly manageable education institution does not offer them learning. Hunger is one of the fundamental issues in the learning behavior of a needy child. Young, poor children earned to eradicate hunger and remained away from school to get an education. In developing countries, low-income families do not put their children in school because they thought they would not get money to fulfill their daily life basic needs. They put their child to earn money instead of to learn.
Statistical Data of Poor Families In United States
The United States is one of the most developed nations around the world. Despite that, the United, Satat has higher rates of poverty across the globe. They face several difficulties, mostly in education. It makes the student dull and makes read less for school and learning. It leads to poor motor skills and physical health issues and reduces the child's ability to remember and concentrate on study information, reducing motivation, curiosity, and attentiveness. One of the leading and most severe issues in the United States backward children got admission in the school with lower readiness skills, and this issue increases while the children grow older. Children feel separated from society, bear insecurities due to their lower socioeconomic status.
The United States' poverty rate is about 15%, which means one poor child in 6 children. The number of low-income families with a single parent is about 31%.
More than 6 million children live below 50% of the federal poverty. Almost 30% of children do not pass high school due to poverty in the United States. Children grown up in low-income families get little education from school and earn a lower income due to poverty. The children who grow up as low are likely to be poor health status due to medical treatment's nonavailability and limited supply of nutrition.
Role of Community, Policymakers, and State to provide Education to Poorer Ones
No longer could we recognize poor students' needs and problems, just the matter of justice, equity, and fairness. They fail or succeed in the education system; they count the success or failure of a nation. To better understand sequencing in advancement research to tackle social stratification and education's primary relationship, we have to find how poverty impacts attaining high-level educational opportunities. The next step is to target which options are economically suitable and administratively and politically are feasible to equip poor children of low-income families with more lavish educational facilities. It will produce a broad range of social equity.
Children are the assets of a nation. They determine the future goal of a country irrespectively they are poor or rich. They typically do not alter their economic issues by themselves. Federal policymakers must ensure that children protect and provide feasibility to all sources whose families are considered below the poverty threshold. Moreover, health care workers and providers must open their facilities to the poorer pone. Society can also play an essential role in preventing these children from depriving and making a poor child productive members of the community.
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