Poverty runs in families and is transferred from one generation to the next generation holding the difficulties. Access to the education facilities and poverty are interconnected with each other in many ways. The difficulties that poor children face compared to the affluent families’ children are immense. . In turn, wealthy families have greater availability of resources to their children, such as health, wellness, education, books, computers, and support equips, etc., compared to low-income families’ children.
A poor family having one parent (mother or father) is at greater risk of financial hardship and dramatic impacts on psychological and social well-being. In the United States, there is one child out of four who have a single working parent. According to a survey in 2012, it is found that 2.9 million single-parent families exist, and this number represents an increase of 18.6% of single-parent families since 1996. Women as single parents account for 86%, and their average age is 38 years. Single-parent families number has been increased due to various circumstances such as separation, death of a male or a female partner, unplanned pregnancy, or donor insemination. Single-parent families face the scarcity of fuel food, and they sacrifice their lives to earn to meet their children’s basic needs. They lessen their nutritional needs and go for bill payments. Depression, Isolation anxiety, suicidal thoughts, and paranoia are also observed in one-parent families. There is also sufficient availability of psychological therapies to single-parent families.
Poor children are affected by poverty in many ways sidelining the availability of money. Despite that, there are multiple deprivations in various fields of poor children’s life. The research studies show that poverty influences children in broad ranges, including clothes, food, sanitation, and housing. Moreover, poverty does not affect all children; some children may utilize their special thinking powers and can revoke poverty impacts in their lives.
Millions of children are not getting adequate education due to discrimination and poverty. A highly manageable education institution does not offer them learning. Hunger is one of the fundamental issues in the learning behavior of a needy child. Young, poor children earned to eradicate hunger and remained away from school. In developing countries, low-income families do not put their children in schools because they thought they would not get money to fulfill their basic needs of daily life. They put their child to earn money instead of to learn.
The United States is one of the most developed nations around the world. Despite that, the United State has higher rates of poverty across the globe. They face several difficulties, mostly in education. Poor nutrition makes the student dull for school and learning. It leads to poor motor skills, physical health issues, and mental health, reducing the child’s ability to remember and concentrate on study information, reducing motivation, curiosity, and attentiveness. Most leading and most severe issues in the United States backward children got admission to school with lower readiness skills, increasing while the children grew older. Children feel separated from society, bear insecurities due to their lower socioeconomic status.
The United States’ poverty rate is about 15%, which means one poor child in 6 children. The number of low-income families with a single parent is about 31%. More than 6 million children live below 50% of the federal poverty. Almost 30% of children do not pass high school due to poverty. These families live in a scarcity of sources and have tremendous psychological effects on children’s mental health. They are unable to provide the feasibility of better health, nutritional needs, and access to high-quality education.
There are significant inequalities in American children’s lives, including disparities in education included teacher qualification, class size, and other resources such labs, books, computers, libraries, sports, and the physical appearance of the school and student care included.
It is a considerable and well-known fact that wealthy children are learned in a better school system. Somehow all schools that entertain poor children are not bad ones, and not all the schools that engage rich children are not well and good at educating the students. Children grown up in poor conditions get little education from school and earn a lower income. The children who grew up in backward families have poor health status due to limited supply of nutrition and non-availability of high-quality medication. In contrast, the children of low-income families have not yet received the government official’s and policymakers’ attention; due to this, the gap between rich and poor increases. Children of low-income families are likely to have a teenage mother. Their parents are less educated have more emotional, social problems, psychological and health issues.
As their parents have low income, they have fewer chances to carry their education in high-quality educational institutions and various other opportunities such as tutors, extra lessons, art and music, and elite sports teams. In contrast, the wealthiest parents are better educated and spend money on their children. Medical treatment is not offered to needy children, and they commonly face health issues. These issues are the main obstacles in the learning behavior of the child.
Children having a low nutritional diet have a lower capability to learn educational content. Many schools provided the children with a nutritious diet to accommodate the needy students. Poor children often get lower marks and higher dropout rates due to financial and other psychological issues. Fewer poor children can access basic primary education and lack necessary skills such as counting skills and word recognition.
High-quality education was historically recognized as an excellent equity manager in American states societies. These societies are capable of lifting backward children and enabling them to be successful in the future. But recent studies suggest that the gap between rich and poor and the availability of sources to rich and poor is varying over time.
After analyzing the research data, it is found that the gap between black and white children’s equity is reduced. At the same time, the gap regarding the availability of education has been increased substantially historically. Poor children are often admitted to crowded schools and poorly managed and less equipped with educational facilities such as computers, labs, books, sports, etc. For instance, the wealthiest district New York, spent almost 25000$ per pupil while the poorest district, named Texas, paid $1200 only per pupil. Children studying in low-funded schools have fewer chances to pass their high school than middle-class children in well-funded and well-equipped schools and usually will not attend college classes.
The availability of resources to low-income families, such as high-quality health treatments and access to high-quality education, is significant cost-effective to eradicate the worse effect of poverty on progressive child development and to crack the cycle of deprivation.
There are vast numbers of children between the ages of five to twelve who cannot write and read. Children who belong to low-income families readily change their localities to find shelter, food, and workplace. In this way, children of such families were unable to stable themselves in a single education system, and sometimes they were distracted from education.
Highly economical schools where rich people can play and learn more efficiently are separated from the lower level school handling the poor children learners, not considered by the social and economic activists for development. In some cases, the children who grow up in backward families usually attain low-quality educational facilities. They can learn from novice teachers and can spoil their future by getting lower grades in their studies. Moreover, the children who learned low-level education cannot get highly paid jobs. Their poverty is transferred from one generation to the next generation, continuing until its chain is broken.
Educational learning behavior helps the student to learn and develop their skills by utilizing the educational opportunities. The primary and secondary educational institutions provide these educational opportunities. In contrast, character development is being studied as the development of social behavior and self-regulation. This development enhances educational activities, mental health, physical, social integration, and a positive work attitude. It can be stated that equating educational opportunities is insufficient to overcome social stratification as the richer will access to more opportunities for their children. In this case, we should restructure the education system to cease this imbalance in education among the rich and poor children.
They fail or succeed in the education system; they count the success or failure of a nation. To better understand sequencing in advancement research to tackle social stratification and education’s primary relationship, we have to find out that how poverty impacts attaining high-quality educational opportunities. The next step is to target which options are economically suitable, administratively, and politically are feasible to equip poor children with more lavish educational facilities. It will produce a broad range of social equity.
Children are the assets of a nation. They determine the future goal of a country irrespectively they are poor or rich. They typically do not alter their economic issues by themselves. The federal government and policymakers must ensure poor children’s resources protection and provide feasibility to all impoverished families. Moreover, health care officials and professionals must open their facilities to the more backward communities. Society can also play a role by helping the poor children economically and psychologically.
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